The history of starvation / part 3 /
A significant contribution to this problem was made by the outstanding Russian scientist-pathophysiologist, Head of the Department of Pathological Physiology of the Military Medical Academy of St. Petersburg, V. Pashutin. and his disciples. They found that with complete starvation with loss of weight at 20-25% in the organs and tissues of the body, there are no pathological changes, and only if weight loss to 40% they make themselves felt. In view of these data, many doctors began to use therapeutic starvation extensively even in outpatient practice. By the way, and not only doctors. Before the Patriotic War in Russia, curative fasting is active popularized by Alexey Suvorin, the son of a well-known publisher and printer in St. Petersburg. Soviet power, however, was not very enthusiastic, and he was forced to emigrate to Yugoslavia, where in Suvorin, Suvorin published several books on starvation: "Healthy hunger and food," "Treatment of starvation " and others (publishing house "New Man", Belgrade, 1931 year). Meanwhile, in Russia, the disciple and follower of A. Suvorin Moscow economist N. Sutkova continued his business of popularizing curative fasting. He published several brochures on curative starvation. However, in 1957, N. Sutkova was arrested at a railway station in Rostov-on-Don, was placed in Rostov prison and was soon shot ... without trial. Yes, there was such a tragic turn in our history.
By the way, advocates of curative fasting were under pressure not only from representatives of official medicine. In 60-ies, I worked in Moscow in a clinic on 80 beds, created at the Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry. Foreign scientists from Japan, India, and the United States came to the clinic for experience. So I met with the American professor - psychiatrist Alan Kot. In the US, he had a private clinic where, judging by the extracts from the case histories, the method of curative fasting was successfully applied. However, after some time, Cott said that he had to close the clinic. He got tired of receiving letters threatening to kill and listening to the same threats on the phone from representatives of the pharmacological mafia, who feared that widespread introduction and use of unloading and diet therapy would undermine their business.
In the 40-ies of the twentieth century Moscow doctor N.P. Narbekov successfully used the method of fasting with bronchial asthma, hypertension, obesity. Since 1956, Academician L.N. Bakulev successfully applied fasting in the treatment of cholecystitis, pancreatitis, gastric ulcer, and many cardiovascular diseases.
A great contribution to the development of the method was the collection "Problems of curative starvation" published in Moscow in 1969, which became the crown of numerous developments of dozens of scientists such as academicians of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences PK Anokhin, AA Pokrovsky, NA Fedorov, professor Y.S. Nikolaev. The collection consists of 4-x large parts, which gave a deep substantiation of the neurophysiological, biochemical and pathophysiological foundations of starvation. These are "Neurophysiology of hunger and satiety", "Pathophysiology of fasting", "Biochemistry of starvation", "Clinic of curative fasting". An important role for the introduction and spread of curative starvation was the work of a number of foreign scientists - Herbert Shelton, Arnold de Vries, Paul Bragg (USA) Imamura Moto (Japan). All these authors on a huge statistical material confirm the high efficiency of the method.
Experts in the scientific substantiation and practical application of the method played a great role: Yu.I. Poleshchuk, G.I. Babenkov, B.A. Bryuzgin, V.B. Gurvich, M.N. Volgarev, V.A. Maksimov, V.A. Tutelyan, A.M. Kokosov, V.A. Mironov, M.P. Nevsky and others.
But the most significant contribution to the development of the method and its implementation in our country and abroad was made by Academician Yu.S. Nikolaev. He for the first time so fully substantiated the main indications and contraindications, described in detail the clinical picture of the stages of fasting, developed the most effective and safe method of its conduct. Thanks to fundamental scientific works Yu.S. Nikolayev's starvation in the 50 years of the simplest century was approved by the Ministry of Health of the USSR as an official method of treatment, called diet-therapy (RDT). Academician Y.S. Nikolaeva is rightly called the patriarch of curative fasting in Russia and abroad.
Great contribution to the development of the theory and practice of starvation was made by Georgy Aleksandrovich Voitovich, who developed the method of fractional fasting.
Fasting, as a method of treatment of most diseases, despite the opposition of official medicine and pharmaceutical companies, although slowly, but continues to develop. He did not get lost in the depths of centuries and a great future awaits him.