History of the onset of fasting.
Fasting is as old as the world.
Perhaps there is no period in the history of mankind, when people would not use starvation for their own purposes. Practically in all written sources, regardless of religion, territory of residence, race, there is a mention of starvation. All this suggests that this method has shown its effectiveness over the centuries. At all times it was used by doctors, philosophers and priests. In ancient Egypt, in ancient India and Greece, dosed fasting was used both for curative and preventive purposes, and for strengthening the spirit.
The ancient Greek historian Herodotus (484-425 BC) pointed out that "the Egyptians are the healthiest of mortals, for every month for three days they purify themselves with the help of vomit and clysters, believing that all the diseases a person receives through food" .
There are indications of the use of curative starvation in ancient India, Tibet and China. Tso-Jed-Shonnu, who lived in India in the 4th century BC, wrote: "The main guide to the medical science of Tibet - zhud-shi" wrote: "On treatment by soaking and starvation. "
It is known that Pythagoras (580-500 BC), an ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician, founder of the famous school of philosophy, systematically starved for 40 days, rightly believing that it increases mental perception and creativity. Strict 40-day fast on one water, he demanded and from each of his numerous disciples and followers. In addition, Pythagoras himself and his followers adhered to a strictly vegetarian diet. According to biographers, Pythagoras was content with honey, bread, and did not drink wine. His main food was boiled or raw vegetables. Having abandoned the standard meat food already at 19-year-old age, Pythagoras survived to very advanced years, preserving clarity of thinking, purity of spiritual thoughts and aspirations.
Plato (427-347 BC), a disciple of Socrates, an ancient Greek philosopher, shared medicine on the "true", which really gives health, and "false", giving only the "phantom of health". To the first he referred the treatment to fasting and diet, air and sun.
Hippocrates (460-357 BC) - a doctor who owns the great medical command: "Do not harm!", Was an ardent supporter of moderation and treatment of hunger. He wrote: "It is often less useful to add food, since it is often useful to completely take it away where the patient will survive until the strength of the disease reaches its maturity." A person wears a doctor in himself, he only needs to help him in his work. not purified, the more you feed it, the more you will harm it. "When the patient is fed too much, the illness is also fed." Remember - any surplus is contrary to Nature. "
Asklepiad (90 BC) professed the methods of treatment, which he called "metazinkreziya" and "reorporation", which were nothing more than the application of periodic medical starvation with the parallel appointment of baths, rubbing, gymnastics.
Plutarch (45-127 AD), the greatest biographer of antiquity, was also an adherent of abstinence and vegetarianism. He spoke with deep conviction: "Instead of taking medicine, it's better starve one day".
The ideas of fasting for health continued to wander in minds even in the Middle Ages - a period of obscurantism and ignorance. And, of course, with renewed vigor they flared up during the Renaissance. Indicative in this sense is the story of Ludwig Cornaro (1465-1566). The Venetian aristocrat, Cornaro, was no different from the people of his circle: he also indulged in binges, he ate and drank excessively. It is not surprising that by the time 40 years, Cornaro was bedridden with severe ailments. Neither the best doctors in Italy, nor a variety of medications were able to help him. All (including doctors) were confident that the days of Cornaro were numbered. However, there was a doctor who, contrary to the professional prejudices of that time, offered Cornaro a periodic strict abstinence from food. And ... a miracle happened ... Cornaro did not die. Moreover, within a year he got rid of all his ailments. At 83-th year of his life he wrote his first treatise "Treatise on a moderate life." Then he wrote a few more treatises, the last one at the age of 95-ти years. Cornaro died in Padua, a century old, once he fell asleep in his chair and did not wake up. >> read more >>